A custodial IRA is an individual retirement account that a custodian (usually a parent) maintains for a child with earned income. Once the custodial IRA is opened, all assets are managed by the custodian until the child turns 18 (or 21 in some states). A custodial IRA allows the account holder (in this case, your child) to contribute after-tax money for retirement. For the most part, a Roth IRA with custody operates the same way as a normal Roth IRA.
A Roth IRA with custody works the same way, except that the parent has to open the account. The parent is then appointed as the custodian of the account and the minor is designated as the payee. When the child reaches adulthood in his state, usually 18 or 21 years old, the Roth IRA is transferred to him or her with full custody. They don't have to wait until retirement age to withdraw the money, as the purpose of the Roth Custodial IRA is for college or other major expenses.
By then, it is hoped, that the child has learned to manage money. The custodian maintains control of the child's Roth IRA, including decisions on contributions, investments and distributions. In addition, statements are sent to the custodian. However, the child is still the beneficial owner of the account and the funds in the account must be used for the benefit of the child.
When the minor reaches a certain required age, usually 18 or 21 years old in most states, the assets must be transferred to a new account in their name. Are you thinking about your child's financial future? You may want to consider a custody IRA or, more specifically, a Roth custody IRA. This retirement account is usually set up by a parent or grandparent to help children with earned income start saving early and benefit from tax-free growth. Here's what you should know about this type of account and its potential financial benefits.
Children of any age can contribute to a Roth IRA, as long as they have earned income. A parent or other adult will need to open a Roth custody IRA for the child. Not all brokerage firms or online banks offer custodial IRAs, but Fidelity and Charles Schwab do. An attractive feature of custodial Roth IRAs is that, like a Roth IRA, the account is financed with after-tax dollars, meaning that the owner can withdraw 100% of the funds they deposit at any time without penalty.
Helping the children in your life get started with a Roth IRA can teach them the importance of saving for retirement. Otherwise, the main difference between these IRAs and regular accounts is that they are custodial or guardian accounts. The main difference between a traditional IRA and a Roth IRA is when you pay taxes on the money you contribute to the plan. In addition, at the time of withdrawal, the account holder must have had an open Roth IRA for at least 5 years, measured from the beginning of the first calendar year in which a Roth IRA was opened.
Because Roth IRAs are financed with after-tax dollars, withdrawals that meet certain criteria or qualifying distributions are tax-free. In general, the Roth IRA is the preferred IRA for children who have limited income now, as it is recommended for those who are likely to be in a higher tax bracket in the future. If you need help deciding how to fund your escrow Roth IRA or finding out your tax situation, you may want to contact a financial advisor. Another benefit of IRAs is that your child can use them for other important expenses, especially if they are Roths, which allow contributions to be withdrawn, as long as the account is at least five years old.
Also, when it's time to take advantage of your savings at retirement age, distributions from a Roth IRA will be tax-free, unlike distributions from a traditional IRA. A Roth IRA is more flexible than other retirement accounts because contributions can be withdrawn at any time. Since Roth IRAs can be invested in almost any type of asset, they are likely to perform much better than a savings bond or bank account. If your children leave their money in the Roth IRA until retirement, they could be considering 50 years or more of investment growth, completely tax-free.
Waiting until the last minute to try to establish a custodial Roth IRA is a bad idea, and it's smart to contact your financial institution ahead of time to make sure they have all the necessary paperwork and procedures in place. Despite the potential to accumulate significant savings, immobilizing money in a Roth IRA may not be attractive to a child who is more worried about having cash to go to the movies or buy video games. Opening a Roth IRA on your child's behalf is one of the most beneficial and impactful things you can do to prepare them for a secure financial future. .